Effect Of Religion On Political Participation By Latino Citizens In Us Politics

221366

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Definition of political participation

Political participation has taken on a series of definitions depending on the author or the context. However, for purposes of this paper, political participation will refer to lobbying, convincing others to vote, protesting, voting and related activities. Usually, one of the most prominently used measures of political participation is the amount of people who turn out to vote; in other words, voter turnout. (Tippet, 2007)

There have been a number of reasons available to justify why voter turnout is low among certain groups and much higher in others. For instance, when a country opts to use personalized contact to inform people about the need to vote, then chances are that that country will register high voter turnout. The latter method usually entails visiting potential voters from door to door. Less effective methods include pre-recorded phone messages usually known as robo-calls. (Lilla, 2007)

In certain instances, political participation may be impeded by a citizen’s lack of  awareness on the details surrounding voting. For example, some may not know how to use voting machines or the location of voting centers. Consequently, this impedes their participation. Additionally, people may record low political participation because of certain cultural factors. For instance, it is likely that immigrant communities and ethnic communities may lack the basic language skills required to understand messages from political interest groups. Such persons may require translators and this makes them less effective in achieving their goal.

However, perhaps another more valid cultural factor is a group’s beliefs and values. When these beliefs do not fall in line with politically related ones, then it is likely that these groups may record lower voter turnout. In this case, the most outstanding factor is religion because it forms the basis for most belief systems. (Austin, 2008)

Lastly, low political participation may be caused by missing elements in the political system of a certain country. It is possible to find that certain countries may encourage only certain members of their community to take part in politics while others may be prevented from pursuing this because no one has bothered with them. These groups normally lack models from which they can borrow from thus making them isolated. However, for purposes of this paper, greater emphasis will be placed on the influence of religion on political participation.

1.2 Research question

The research question is: Does religion effect political participation by Latino citizens in the US?

2.0 Frame

This question can be further divided into three major segments as follows

  1. What role does religion play in politics in the US?
  2. How does the importance of religion in politics relate to Latino immigrants?
  3. Do Latinos have poor political participation?
  4. How do religion, Latino immigrants and political participation intertwine in US politics?

2.1 Project outline

There are a series of issues that need to be analyzed critically in order to answer the research question. For example, studies have shown that religion has an important role to play in society. However, there is a …

Hands Down the Best Handouts: Top 5 Political Handouts

278421

Political candidates need three main categories of printed items to run for office-a name identification piece, an informational piece and a handout piece.  The name ID piece is typically their yard sign, which has become the number one way to let voters know they are running.  The informational piece is taken care of with a brochure, post card or palm card, maybe a combination of these.  This piece offers bio information and a candidate’s issues.  The piece with the most options, and can cause the greatest stress on a candidate, is the handout piece.

A handout piece is a “goodie” that is given to potential voters during neighborhood door knocking, parades or county fairs.  Choosing a handout piece can be tricky in a number of ways.  A candidate doesn’t want to spend too much money on a knick-knack.  But, the handout has to be both functional and visible.  Voters will either use the handout or throw it away.  If it is thrown away, it loses its visibility factor.

To help, here is a rundown of the 5 best political handouts.  The most common losers are also included.  The criteria for these items is: 1) functionality-will the recipient actually use the item; 2) visibility-will the item’s functionality lead it to be passed on and seen by more than just the recipient; and 3) price point-will the combination of functionality and visibility justify the cost of the item.

Best Handouts:

#1-Notepads:  For around $.30 each a candidate can get 1000, 25 sheet notepads with a logo on each page.  People don’t throw out notepads.  After a note is written on the pad, it is kept for a period of time and often handed to someone else.  The notepad is the perfect combination of functionality, visibility and price.

#2-Sticky Notes: This item has the same functionality and visibility as the notepad.  The cost is slightly more.  However, some might agree that the uniqueness of the sticky note makes it a better handout.

#3-Stadium Cups: Stadium cups are a very versatile handout.  They are great for college and high school sporting events, fairs, parades and candidate sponsored gatherings.  The cost is comparable to the sticky notes, but it loses out slightly on visibility since they are used largely at single events.

#4-Pens: Think about this.  Pens are an item that is commonly lost by its owner.  However, when it is lost, someone else finds it.  Pens are about the same price as notepads, but lose a little visibility until they are lost for someone else to find or shared with someone else.  Consider coupling this with a notepad and you have a winning package.

#5-T-shirts: T-shirts are on this list because they have tremendous visibility and functionality.  Next to yard signs, t-shirts have become one of the greatest name ID pieces in politics.  Virtually everyone who is handed a t-shirt will wear it.  But, the cost of handing out t-shirts can get high.  That …

Accept Government Credit Card Purchases to Fast Track Federal Contracting Sales

Big Numbers

Very often we become buried in statistics and very large numbers when talking about government contracting. It is easy to be seduced by the big numbers: Over 500 billion dollars in contracts are awarded last year to small and large businesses throughout the US, some who may provide the exact services or products that you do. For instance, in the case of small businesses nationwide, according to the Federal Procurement Data System – Next Generation web site small businesses received over 84 billion dollars in contracts just last year.

Medium Numbers

Further dissection shows that last year, Minority-owned firms won $ 41 billion; Small Disadvantaged Businesses won $ 36 billion; 8 (a) certified firms won $ 26 billion, Women-owned firms won $ 20 billion, HUBZone designated firms won $ 13 billion and Service Disabled Veteran-owned firms won $ 9 billion in contracts. Note that these numbers, when added together, total higher than the $ 84 billion won by all small business. This is due to some contracts may satisfy more than one design, depending on company ownership. For instance, a company may be owned by a woman who is a minority and her business is located in a HUBZone. Her winning contracts could then be countered in all three related categories.

Small Numbers

To bring this a little closer to home, if you look at the average single transaction by 8 (a) firms you will find that it is $ 165,000 per sale in 2007 (the most recent year data at this detailed level is available). Many business people find that it is well worth the time to learn how to be successful in this market if it is possible to average $ 165,000 per transaction. While $ 165,000 seems to be very small when compared to $ 500 billion, it is a very realistic amount. Ten of those contracts equal $ 1.65 million, not a bad start in this market.

Getting Started: Accept Government Credit Cards

One of the quickest ways to enter the government marketplace, or to sell more volume, is to sell your products or services via credit card. The federal government's main credit card purchase system is called GSA SmartPay 2. This program provides charge cards to US government agencies and departments, through master contracts that are negotiated with major national banks. There are currently over 350 agencies and organizations participating in the program spending $ 30 billion annually, through 100 million transactions on over three million cards.

Why Accept Government Charge Cards?

Charge cards enable authorized government employees to make purchases on behalf of the government to support their agency or organization's mission, mostly for small (generally under $ 3,000) work-related purchases, travel expenses, and fuel. While an individual transaction limit may be $ 3,000, do not be misled by that figure. Certain purchasers have authority for much higher purchases – up to $ 25,000 and in certain cases, even up to $ 100,000 per purchase. The federal government started using GSA SmartPay …

The Ultimate Guide to Reviews

How Do I Know if InventHelp is a Scam?

In our world today, making sure you will want to take ownership of your original ideas is essential and patenting your very product or idea has been among the very essential things needed done and choosing the right company to patent your products with is very important. Over the years, there have been quite a number of companies who checked on such and InventHelp has been among the companies that are verified to be a TRUSTED business.

Furthermore, to have your idea and product patented has been so in demand and this is because of the fact that copyright has become such a big issue as a whole. Keep in mind that it will surely be in your best interest to make sure you will want to look into the right things and if you are on the hunt to learn more about InventHelp reviews BBB, then read on to gather more information about it. The very items we will be talking about below are the very benefits one will reap from choosing the right professional company to patent their idea.

Right off the bat, you can be certain that your idea will not be stolen by other people or prevent them from copying the very idea of your product. There are just so many people you could find today who are willing to put quite a number of things at stake just so they will make money online, even if it means stealing your very idea. With the right company and attorney to help you out and patent your idea, you will have full control of whoever tries to steal your idea and can easily bring them down.

One thing that is great about InventHelp reviews BBB is that you will also secure that everything will be protected accordingly. Protecting your very product is one way for you to ensure that you will then have all the means to be able to compete accordingly in the industry and that your very idea or product will not be stolen. The right protection with your idea or product is a great way for you to ensure that you will avoid the chances of your idea or product to be stolen. So in a sense, you could say that this basically is capable of losing your investment. This is among the very reasons why you need to check and read InventHelp reviews BBB to widen your assurance and understanding.

Yet another thing that is great about InventHelp reviews BBB is that you could easily get to learn more information about them online.

Also, InventHelp complaints are there to help you along in terms of knowing more about it.…

Smart Ideas: Attorneys Revisited

Know More About The Things That You Should Expect From The Business Lawyer Your Hire

Nowadays, there are quite a number of situations and scenarios in a workplace that will force you to contact a business lawyer to represent you and these are as follows: insurance claims; issues of harassment among employees; a dispute between you and the landlord of the property where your business is situated at, and cases where you are being sued by either your past employees, your supplier or perhaps, your customers, to name a few. If you are going to deal with a business lawyer, you should now that there are a number of things, which you may not be aware of, which you can expect from them.

The very first thing that you should expect from your business lawyer is the explanation they will provide to you regarding the things that you should expect when a dispute arises. Being a business owner as you are, one of the important realizations that you should have in your life is how success is dependent on the type of relationship you have built with the people around you. The same concept can also be applied with the kind of relationship you are building with your lawyer since it is essential to have it based on the trust and respect you have for each other. Now, if you are going to meet with your lawyer with regards to a dispute you are currently facing, you should expect that they can explain to you the things that you can expect from the said situation.

Another thing that you should expect from a business lawyer has something to do with their ability to provide prevention plan to their clients as they know that a prevention plan is much better and less expensive than any other forms of solution available. If there is one thing businesses share in common, that would be the fact that legal issues arise among them, it is just a matter of time before it hits them. With regards to this matter at hand, if there is one thing that can be avoided, that would be the amount of time used or spent in dealing with lawsuits. When you establish a good relationship with the business lawyer you hire from the very beginning, you can ensure that every single legal documentation that is needed by your business will be taken care of well in advance of issues arising.

Apart from what we already presented to you above, another thing that you may expect from your business lawyer is the understanding of why settlement needs to be emphasized every now and then.…

Psychology Of A Suicide Bomber

It could be you.

Terrorist attacks are not about terrorism. Politicians like to spread the view that terrorist attacks are carried out by ‘evil’ men in order to spread terror. Nothing is further from the truth. Just as “warfare is politics being carried out by other means” – to use Major-General Von Clausewitz’s famous phrase, so is terrorism. Just as the number of soldiers likely to be killed in a particular war action is almost incidental to the general who plans it, so is the number of civilians likely to be killed in a terrorist action. What is very clear about all acts of terrorism is that they are carried out as specific acts designed to achieve specific political results.

Take for example 9/11 in New York City in 2001. This was a general declaration of war following a series of build-ups by both sides. American needs for oil and Saudi Arabian Wahhabism. The kicking out of US oil corporations from further developmental work in Saudi Arabia. The Gulf War against Saddam’s take-over of the Kuwaiti oilfields. The closure on the part of the Saudis of the last US base, as well as the full adoption of Shariah law in the constitution of Saudi Arabia. The build up of a massive US base in Qatar and Special Units around Saudi Arabia. The 9/11 attacks were specifically planned against the Pentagon, the White House probably (which didn’t succeed) and world trade in general, symbolized by the Twin Towers. The large number of people killed was incidental. No one believes for one minute that Mohammad Atta thought the World Trade Center Towers would actually collapse.

Too easily the word ‘mindless’ is used by politicians in conjunction with terrorists and their acts when, in fact, terrorists are far from being ‘mindless’. Suicide bombers are not the mindless, evil individuals they are often portrayed to be. They are, more often than not, well educated and more sensitive than the norm for their age groups, and they see themselves as carrying out political acts rather than terrorism per se. Furthermore, suicide bombers are not necessarily confined to religious protesters.

This is the conclusion reached by Dr. Ariel Merari, Director of the Political Violence Research Unit at Tel Aviv University. It is also the conclusion reached by a host of other political analysts and counter-terrorism experts throughout the world.

Most suicide bombers anywhere appear to be normal. Study after study has shown that suicide terrorists are better off than the average for their community, and better educated just as well. They are also rarely suicidal in the pathological sense. Dr. Merari in particular has traced the background of every suicide bomber in the Middle East since 1983, and has found symptoms of mental illness or drug and alcohol abuse in very few. Furthermore, suicide bombers do not have to be Islamic extremists either, or even radicalized by faith. True, the 9/11 attackers were all Muslims, as are the vast majority of suicide attackers in Iraq, Afghanistan …

HP P3015d Toner Based Laserjet Printer is designed for High Volume Monochrome Printing

HP LaserJet P3015D

Overview

For high-volume printing that contains quality from the first page to the last, the HP LaserJet P3015D is an excellent choice. The moderate price range provides busy offices and workgroups with all the speed and functionality they need, and with a variety of options for upgrades. The HP LaserJet P3015D also allows for greater flexibility in print media and double-sided results, making it easier than ever before to create polished, professional results in-house.

Features and Functionality

Speed ​​is one of the hallmarks of the Hewlett Packard LaserJet P3015D, with a first page output in as little as 7.5 seconds and a speed of up to 42 pages per minute for standard monochrome prints. The dpi resolution is offered at a high 1200 x 1200 rate, and the results come out as sharp black and white ink for both text and graphics.

The HP LaserJet P3015D is a powerhouse of a printer in all of its components. It comes standard with a 540Mz processor and 128MB of memory, which can be expanded to up to 640MB in all. The primary paper input tray holds up to 500 sheets of paper, while a second multipurpose tray adds an additional 100 pages of feed. The option to expand to up to 1,600 sheets in all is offered when users purchase two additional 500-page trays.

In addition to automated double-sided printing on letter-size paper, which comes standard on this model, the P3015D can also print on a variety of media formats, including legal paper, label paper, envelopes, transparencies, and card stock. Results are crisp and clear, thanks to the high-yield HP P3015D toner options. Offered in sizes up to 6,000 pages (part number CE255A) and 12,500 pages (part number CE255X), the standard Black P3015D cartridges are easy to install and maintain.

One of the features of the HP P3015D that makes it so ideal for a business or workgroup setting is the enhanced security features. Confidential print jobs can be created with ease, released only by entering individual user or administrative PIN numbers on the 10-key pad.

Connectivity for the machine is offered via the standard USB and Parallel ports, with an additional walk-up option for direct printing from a USB storage device. This walk-up option is accessed on a front panel, which lies next to the LCD control panel and menu.

Why Choose the HP LaserJet P3015D Printer?

Like most printers offered through the HP brand, the P3015D is built with "greener" technology in mind. This model allows you to save energy with a reduced warm-up time and with automated duplexing options. When combined with the fast speeds, large paper input and output options, and fully upgradeable memory features, the result is a printer that will help your business create flawless documents at low operating costs and with a minimum hassle. …

The Obstacles Facing Cyber ​​Law Enforcement

The online community is cruel and ruthless leaving no margin of error for anyone. Once you make a bona fide mistake you get crucified immediately. It is because of this general attitude among many people in social communities, that people jump to unfair and unjustified conclusions. Most participants of these communities are used to this behavior and are not bothered by it too much. Most of these unjustified remarks often cause confusion for the comment maker, which is well deserved, because you should take the consequences of your actions for speaking out loud without thinking. Where am I going with this? What does this have to do with fighting cyber crime?

Let me explain with an example: When a big company like Microsoft cause a security risk for users of Internet Explorer out of negligence, you can be sure that the press (including the online community) will throw some big stones at them. This response is justified because the safety of innocent users is put at risk because of the negligence of a respectful organization. But when Microsoft makes a remark that is misunderstood by some people, without causing any security threats because of this ill formulated remark, why should they be crucified? Microsoft is run by people and people make mistakes. If the community wants to rant and rave about something, then find something that describes some ranting and raving and stop wasting time on things that can be excused. The company has to waste valuable resources to put out the fires caused by this overreaction instead of using those resources to improve the security of their products. No, I am not a Microsoft prophet, I am simply using them as an example.

Investigating spam and determining the origin of a scam letter is not as simple as tracking an IP address. Most people think so, but that is because they never really tried to locate a spammer on their own after being spammed. It is very easy to forge an e-mail header and that makes it almost impossible to locate the real sender of the e-mail. Even if the header is not forged, you never know whether it is a case of identity theft. Computer criminals hack into e-mail accounts, they hijack web sites and use it to their advantage under the identity of an innocent victim. This enables them to operate undetectable by moving from one account to another. Jurisdictional constraints makes it hard for federal organizations of one country to prosecute crimes committed in another crime, not even to speak of locating the criminal.

Abuse departments of hosting companies and service providers are so swamped with so many daily reports of spam and network abuse that it is impossible for them to respond to each and every spam report individually. It obviously creates the impression that they do not really take action against the guilty parties. Of course, some companies appear to have an abuse department, but it is only a front to make people believe …

Self Service Your Lawn Mower and Save Money

Around where I live the small engine retail and service stores charge $75 an hour to work on lawn mowers and ride-on tractors. Most people can do the necessary basic service themselves and keep their mower running smoothly for years.

We all do it, we get to the end of the grass cutting season, shove the mower or tractor to the back of the shed and forget about it till next Spring. Don’t do that this year, it will cost you money and time to get it back in working order.

What you’ll need: Digital camera, SAE30 oil, wire brush, spray can of black enamel paint, heavy duty gloves, container for used oil, replacement spark plug, (just in case), face mask and cleaning rags.

Drain the fuel tank and let the engine burn the last of it from the carburetor and fuel lines. The fuel in the tanks will partially evaporate over winter leaving a residue, particularly fuels blended with ethanol which will leave a gooey mess, that’s a real pain to clean out especially from the fine jets in the carburetor.

Before doing any further work on your machine, disconnect the spark plug lead. Although electrical interlocks should prevent the engine accidentally starting it’s better to be safe than sorry.

Drain out the old engine oil. For most lawn mowers the drain plug is underneath in the mower deck. For others and lawn tractors the drain plug is at the base of, and on the side of the engine. Be sure to collect the oil in a container to dispose of correctly later, don’t let the oil drain onto the ground.  Replace the oil drain plug. Leave the dipstick out to remind you there is no oil in the engine.

Clean dirt and grass off the mower, a small amount of debris in the engine will cause it to seize. Clean dirt from the engine cooling fins, you may have a cover to remove to do this. If this is the first time you are doing your own maintenance, have a digital camera handy to take photos as you work to ensure parts go back correctly. Take as many pictures as you need, use the zoom for close-ups, so as you put things back in place you won’t waste any time figuring things out. Don’t rely on your memory it will let you down!

Clean the deck, for lawn mowers tip the machine on its side, carburetor side up. Use a block of wood to wedge the blade so that it cannot move. Put on a pair of heavy duty garden gloves before removing the blade. Clean debris from the underside of the deck, wire brush and spray with black enamel paint from an auto parts dealer, always use a mask for this job. Painting the underside of the deck will prolong its life. Have a professional sharpen and balance the blade before replacing it. Then turn your mower upright.

Take out the spark plug, wire brush it clean …

What You Should Know About Resources This Year

Why You Should Care for Your Seniors

There are a great number of senior citizens out there that are not really being taken care of because no one really has time to care for them. If you have senior grandparents at the house, you have to be extra careful about them and you can not always have an eye on them because you may have to go out of your house to do things. If you are someone who really wants to care for your senior at home but you do not have time to watch them, you have come to the right place because today we are going to talk about nursing homes for seniors so without further due, let us begin.

Nursing homes are one good way that you can really give your seniors a good time because someone will take care of them there. You may be a really busy person and therefore you can not really watch over your seniors. You may have to be out of your house all day so you can not take care of your elderly so it would be a good idea to bring them to a nursing home so that they can get all the care they need there. Some people do not really agree to take their seniors to nursing homes because they think that it is not nice to do this. Well, if you can not take care of your seniors because you will be out all day, it is much better to leave them at a nursing home because you are sure that someone will take care of them when you can not do it yourself.

If you really do not want to take your senior to a senior home or a nursing home, you can get someone to take care of them right at the comfort of your own house. There are actually many services that specialize in caring for seniors at home. Whenever hiring a senior care taker, you must be sure that they are professionals because there have been many cases where seniors were abused by some caretakers so it can be dangerous and you should be very careful. This is actually what a lot of people do instead of taking their seniors to nursing homes or senior homes because they feel that it can be safer and they can always go back home to their seniors when they are done with work; it can also be cheaper because you only hire one person to look after your senior so that can save you some money for extra things that you can buy.…

A Quick Overlook of Wellness – Your Cheatsheet

Grow Strong While Growing Old: A Guide In Prolonging Your Good Health At Your Old Age

Despite the fact that everyone of us eventually grows old, it doesn’t mean that we should also expect our health to drop rapidly. Each and everyday, we encounter all kinds of information on how to get a healthier body and have a longer life. The question is, can someone really achieve a graceful way of aging as well as maintain a longer state of good health?

What Are The Changes That Our Health Undergoes Over The Years?

Lets face it, our health changes rapidly as we age, and the older we become the more likely these changes appears. The changes are taking place in a minute but gradual manner that it takes place without us noticing them. These changes occurs not only in our physical state but also in our mental state. The decline in a person’s metabolism is one of the very first change that occurs. Younger people has a body that burns calories at a rate that is much faster compared to the body of the older generations. This practically means that the older we become, the lesser we need food energy compared to when we were still young. In turn, sexual functions also experience high risk of impairment as we grow old. Also, the older we get the less we are able to achieve longer focus and the more likely we become slower and sloppy. These symptoms are considered the secondary products of the chronic disease dementia.

Truth be told, the way our body functions gradually becomes less effecient as we get older. Our vital organs functions less efficiently as we age. One example for this is that our kidneys becomes less able to maintain the cleanliness of our bodily fluids. Our hearts will also start to experience a degrade in its vitality.

What Measures Can We Take To Improve Our Health While We Age?

Know that there is no time limit as to when we will start to invest for our future especially in our health. Starting to invest in our health as early as possible means we can enjoy its benefits as early as possible.

It is important to be active physically at all times. Having regular exercise will prove to be of great help if we are to maintain a physically and mentally fit body. With an active lifestyle, we will be as energetic as we were during our younger years and we will not be prone to depression as well. Exercise also promotes socialization to older people enabling them to easily get in touch with the other members of the community. One of the greatest way to socialize while staying healthy is walking or going to the gym. It is however encouraged to see a doctor so as to be guided on the right exercise regime that suites your age bracket.…

DOJ Retaining Its Position on GPS Tracking

In a surprise move on Thursday, the federal government notified an appeals court that it reserves the right to secretly place GPS tracking devices on privately owned vehicles without first obtaining a warrant. Many wonder what the Department of Justice is thinking since the long-anticipated ruling in January by the Supreme Court on just this issue. In January, the Supreme Court Justices rule unanimously in the United States vs. Jones case that the practice of law enforcement placing a GPS tracking device on a vehicle without first obtaining a warrant was unconstitutional and a violation of the Fourth Amendment. In the Fourth Amendment it protects the "right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures."

According to a Department of Justice spokesperson, "A warrant is not needed for a GPS search, as the Supreme Court did not resolve that question." However, the Department expressed restraint when using these practices. The government made this argument to the 9th Circuit of Appeals, claiming that the Supreme Court intentionally left their language vague as a loophole in the law.

The media has been covering the argument of warrantless GPS tracking as well as other privacy related issues for quite some time. If the reader of this article believes that the government's argument is based solely on physical GPS tracking devices used by law enforcement agencies, you would be wrong as the significance goes much deeper.

Tracking The Average Citizen

Whether you are aware of it or not, the ability to track yourabouts is already in place. Even without GPS tracking technology, your cell phone can be tracked by cellular triangulation where cell towers can roughly pinpoint your location. However, most modern electronics, especially smart phones are equipped with a GPS receiver due to low cost modules and popular applications that help Americans locate services, navigate, etc. Cellular triangulation is inaccurate and unreliable whereas GPS pinpoints your location within a few feet.

Manufacturers of GPS tracking devices design portable and hard-wired devices as a tool that improves business productivity, provides peace of mind for parents of teen drivers and location of elderly parents, as well as the tools for law enforcement investigation. The question of the US government's position should not be whether or not they are protecting the law enforcement agencies use of devices for investigative purposes. The real question lies whether they are setting the stage to separate the existing Supreme Court ruling as specific to law enforcement investigations. Therefore, monitoring mobile devices is not part of the existing law. The government will always have the ability to state that they are monitoring the device, not the individual. This is a slippery slope that most likely leads to the Supreme Court in the future. …