Law Enforcement Surveillance Cameras for the Post-9-11 World – 5 Considerations

Whether events of September 11th, 2001 portend permanent or temporary changes in our nation, or around the world, local law enforcement organizations around the country know that a seismic event of some magnitude occurred which will affect the way we do things for years to come. Certainly the psyche of this and many other nations were impacted. Elections were influenced, relations between nations were altered, and normal international discourse was dramatically changed – maybe permanently.

While so much changed in the way we approached our daily lives, the most fundamental change may have taken place in the realm of security. “Business as usual” could no longer be tolerated at the local law enforcement level as a very real and visceral reality hit home – that some of the world’s most capable and redoubtable military powers could find themselves vulnerable to far less sophisticated, asymmetric threats which could kill thousands without firing a single round. Asymmetric warfare migrated from an intellectual exercise that planners in the Pentagon used to channel the directions of the Revolution in Military Affairs to one of practical consequence that seemed to throw all of the rules out the window.

When those two passenger jets slammed into the Twin Towers on 9/11 they had a galvanizing affect on how we conduct our day-to-day activities and challenged conventional wisdom about how we deal with potential threats. Probably nothing in our lives changed more visibly than the explosion in surveillance capabilities and the willingness, albeit with some degree of objection, to accept greater intrusiveness by governments as they sought to prevent even more cataclysmic events. Securing the general population became the mantra of governments and their leaders, and surveillance systems became a key means to achieve that security.

Yet the need to fill the apparent gap in government as well as private security architectures has not in all cases been met by a concomitant appropriate response from the commercial arena. Many companies rushed to fill the void without the commensurate experience needed to provide the right customer solutions. Company size, financial deep pockets, and an army of engineers by themselves mean little without a deep bench of experienced technocrats who have put years in the trenches of the surveillance industry and have lived the complex challenges this industry poses.

Towards that end, there are some necessary considerations when looking to acquire a surveillance system. These include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Surveillance systems are not simply cameras on a pole: Potential users such as local law enforcement agencies need to understand the broader applications and uses of all of the components in an integrated, “total systems” approach. Certainly simple, and cost effective, wired CCTV solutions are a piece of the total solution. However, by themselves, they deprive a user of a complete solution – a fact that can go unnoticed until it is too late and a situation arises whereby more is needed.

2. Surveillance systems should be holistic in design and defined by the

The House of Lords – A Beginners Guide to UK Politics

The House of Lords has existed as a separate chamber of Parliament since the mid 14th century. In this article, we take a look at the Upper House’s role and structure.

The Role of the House of Lords

The House of Lords has existed as a separate chamber of Parliament since the mid 14th century, and has a number of roles to complement the work of the Commons. There are two important exceptions: members of the Lords do not represent constituencies, and are not involved in matters of taxation and finance.

1. Legislation

The House spends the majority of its time (about 60%) on legislation. It plays a key role in examining and revising Bills sent from the Commons. It may also initiate Bills (usually non-controversial), which spreads the burden of the legislative load more evenly between the two Houses and throughout the parliamentary year.

2. Scrutinising the Government

Another important function is to act as a check on the Government by scrutinising its activities, questioning and debating policy and other issues.

Oral questions (known as Starred Questions), may be asked for about 30 or 40 minutes on each day that the House sits, allowing ministers to be cross-questioned. Over 4,500 written question are also asked each year to query government policy and extract information.

Mini-debates (Unstarred Questions) take place every few days, and last no longer than 90 minutes. They provide an opportunity to raise issues of concern, with a government spokesman responding at the end of the debate.

General debates are usually scheduled every Wednesday. These will either be a single debate lasting no more than five hours, or two shorter debates running for a maximum of two and a half hours each. The topics for short debates are suggested by back-bench or crossbench peers, and chosen by ballot. The long debates are agreed between the whips of the political parties and the Convenor of the Crossbench peers – known as ‘the usual channels’.

3. Independent Expertise – the Select Committees

The membership of the House of Lords is characterised by a wide range of expertise, which is utilised in its major investigative select committees. For example, the European Union Committee has seven sub-committees involving over 70 members who scrutinise proposed European legislation. There are also committees on Science and Technology, Economic Affairs and the Constitution.

4. Judicial Work

The House also has an important judicial role. It acts as the Supreme Court of Appeal for the UK in both criminal and civil cases (except Scottish criminal cases).

Members include the 12 salaried Law Lords and the Lord Chancellor, and its sittings, on the Committee corridor, are open to the public.

The Structure of the House of Lords

Members of the House of Lords (known as ‘peers’) consist of Lords Spiritual (senior bishops) and Lords Temporal (lay peers). Law Lords (senior judges) also sit as Lords Temporal.

There are currently about 700 members of the House of Lords, including 26 Archbishops and Bishops and 92 hereditary peers. Lords …

Gujarat Elections 2010 Prediction

In Elections 2007 Narendra Modi has won the elections with three times in a row with the agenda of development of Gujarat. Now it’s again time to elections 2010. Astrology18 Group gives Vedic Astrological analysis for Mr. Narendra Modi and Gujarat Elections 2010. What are the chances to be fourth time The Chief Minister of Gujarat? What Mr. Narendra Modi’s Star says about Gujarat Elections 2010.

About Mr. Narendra Modi

Mr. Narendra Damodardas Modi was born 17th September 1950 in middle class family in Vadnagar in Mehsana district of North Gujarat. Mr. Modi completed his schooling in Vadnagar and gained masters graduate degree in Political Science from Gujarat University. Mr. Narendra Modi joined the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad in his young age. Mr. Narendra Modi entered in politics in 1987 by joining the Bharatiya Janata Party. Within a year, he was elevated to the level of General Secretary of the Gujarat unit of the party.

The Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat, Mr. Narendra Modi focused on rural development, improvement in education, education of girl child, development of the deprived, agricultural development, industrial growth, science and technology and disaster management. He put Gujarat on the road to integrated development with a special focus on five sectors namely – education, water, energy, human resources and safety & security.

Efficient application of information technology for governance, focus on agriculture, human resources development, delivery of health services, rural development and thrust on post disaster recovery has made Gujarat emerge as the leader among the Indian states in spite of a series of disasters.

Awards and Achievements

The Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat, Mr. Narendra Modi was awarded the “Person of the Year” 2005 by Chitralekha. India Today magazine awarded him the best Chief Minister in India. Rajiv Gandhi Foundation said that Gujarat is the best administered state in India.

Mr. Narendra Modi is the Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat since 7 October 2001. Mr. Narendra Modi became Gujarat’s Chief Minister in October 2001, promoted to the office at a time when his predecessor Mr. Keshubhai Patel had resigned and following the defeat of BJP in the by-elections.

Mr. Narendra Modi’s Horoscope Analysis

Mr. Narendra Modi was born in Libra Ascendant. Conjunction of Mars and Moon is placed in 2nd house, which has given command of language and true speaker. Mars is occupying its own sign in 2nd house and is also lord of the 7th house, this planetary position has given popularity in public and Mr. Modi also understands thought of common person. Jupiter and Saturn are in opposition, which makes Narendra Modi a powerful orator – avid reader and an original thinker. Jupiter is being lord of the 3rd house of writing and publishing, Mr. Modi has wrote numerous articles and Essays, he also has authored three books.

Rahu is placed in 6th house of hidden enemies, which creates regularly problems for Mr. Narendra Modi, Mars governs courage and battles and has got strength so an Original …

Serious Strength Training For Law Enforcement!

Strength training for law enforcement has to be structured to make you a hard hitting athlete in your own way! Whether you need to strong arm a suspect, kick in the door of a crack house, or just flat out whip up on a group of punks that are being a menace to society then you have arrived at the right place! I am pleased to introduce to you the hardest hiring method of training for all law enforcement and it's kettlebell training.

Kettlebell Training: Ultimate Strength Training For Law Enforcement

I do not have to sit here and tell you how dangerous your job is my friend. You already know, yet the one thing that surprises me about a lot of law enforcement is the lack of "effective" strength training as part of their "PT" program. You see the most physically demanding sports such as football, rugby, and MMA all are starting to implement the use of kettlebell training and its for good reason. Read on if I have your attention.

So what is kettlebell training? Well, kettlebells are ancient strength and conditioning devices that have been around for over three centuries. This single device resembles a cannonball with a handle attached to it. The thing that sets kettlebell training apart from most other so-called traditional forms of strength training is that that it is primarily movement based in nature. The key to kettlebell training is that you have to understand and learn how to execute movement patterns instead of isolating specific body parts. You see movement is the very essence of human performance just as you see in daily life, sports, and more specifically your job! This is how you really get fit and perform at the same time!

Kettlebell training basically trains your body's kinetic chain or your total body's muscular connection for the sake of working to perform movements. Whether you have to run, fight, lift, throw, jump, or duck your body must be in top physical condition to pull all of these off effectively. You would not get into a high speed chase with your cruiser if you knew the tires were flat would you? I would use the same comparison with your body and it's performance. If you are training smart then you are more likely to get the job done more effectively without the worry of injury or failure. Basic lifts that you can perform with the kettlebell such as swings, jerks, snatches, and get ups all are great for making your body super fit and super tenant. These most basic lifts will get you ready for most any task that comes your way.

If you have not already started to implement the use of kettlebell training into your law enforcement training program then start today. Feel free to access the rest of my articles on the subject for additional information. Remember that most anyone can train hard, but only the best train smart my friend! …

Rain Shut Off Devices For Automatic Lawn Sprinkler Systems

Automatic sprinkler system controllers are programmed to go on and off on a certain day and at a certain time. The controller does not know if it is sunny and dry outside or raining. For this reason every law sprinkler system should have a rain sensor.

The sensor determinates whether or not sufficient rain has occurred in order to skip an irrigation cycle. There are three basic types of rain sensors. They all serve the same purpose: keeping your system from over-watering the turf or your garden. How does it do that? The electrical connection between the sensor and your sprinkler system controller is interrupted when a certain amount of rain triggers the device. The sensor breaks the electrical connection so that electricity can not flow to either the sprinkler valves or to a pump start (if your system is on a well without a pressure tank).

One type breaks the connection by weighing the water in a rainy collection cup. The problem with this type is that leaves, sticks, or the occasional lizard will find its way into the collection cup and therefore turning off the system.

The next type uses electrodes to determine how much water is in the collection cup. This kind of rain sensor device also has a system problem of collecting things other than rainfall in the collection cup.

The most common type of rain sensor used by professionals is the expansion disk device. This kind of sensor does not use a collection cup; Instead rainfall causes cork disks to expand. This device uses a pressure switch to break the electrical connection. These can be adjusted in increments of "" to the desired rain fall setting. This adjustment is usually set to turn off the sprinklers after "" of rain has fallen.

The most important aspect of installing a rain sensor is where to place it. It should be installed in an area that is unobstructed by trees, roof over hangs, or anything else that might block rain from getting to the sensor. If it is a wired sensor, placement is generally near the sprinkler controller. The wires should be connected inside the controller's valve wiring panel. This allows for easier electrical trouble-shooting of the system as the sensor can be easily disconnected.

In the last few years, FM wireless rain sensors have become very popular. Although they are more expensive than the wired devices, the ease of installation and increased placement options offset the cost. Most wireless units come with by pass switches built into the device. Some digital controllers also offer by-pass options for both wired devices and wireless rain sensors.

No matter the type of rain sensor type that you choose, all rain sensors offer many advantages over not adding this detector to your automatic sprinkler system. Some of the immediate and long term benefits include:

O Saves Money. Whether you pay for city water or spend electricity running a pump, the money you save over time will more than pay for …

The Role of Public Administration

Public administration deals with the organization of government policies and programs and the behavior of officials who are responsible for this conduct. The role of a public administrator is to analyze public policies so that they come out in the right context and are eventually implemented as policies that benefit people at large. They are basically public servant and their role is seen across all government departments and agencies and they include police officers, cabinet secretaries, city managers, municipal budget analysts and census analysts.

It is inclusive of sub-fields such as policy analysis, organizational theory, human resource management, policy analysis and administration ethics. Most people compare public administration to business administration and the Master in this field are compared to a Master in Business Administration.

In the United States, the academia aspect of administration draws values from political science and administrative law. The aim is to ensure that all government bodies function normally and that there is no corruption in the handling of government activities. It seeks to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of public services and to ensure that members if the general public gains what are needed from their use of public services.

Those who want to be administrators must have a Bachelors, Masters or Doctoral Degree in this field. He works in various governmental bodies such as management, policy-making and also finance. Career includes working as a congressional representative, being a social worker, working as an associate executive and also involving in the task of being a city planner. Jobs are available at State, Local and Federal Levels. On a smaller scale, public administrators manage various government programs and ensure the implementation of various policies, but on a larger scale, they head nations, states and also cities.…

Quotes For Your Wedding Toasts!

Toast takes place at the end of dinner and right before the first dance, in the modern wedding itinerary. This acts as an emotional build up for the guests and the bride and groom, before they step out on the dance floor for the evenings “big event”. The idea is to not only have the friends and family raise the glass in the name of love, the bride and the groom and what they are there for, but to also talk a bit about soul binding and true love and truly inspire the guests. Here are some quotes that you can use in your big toast that will be sure to get the ladies feeling warm and fuzzy inside.

It is important as a public speaker that you weave the quote in at the appropriate time. The best idea for saying the quote is either as an introduction or as a conclusion to your speech. With any speech, essay, movie or story you are going to want to have a nice introduction, a nice body and a nice close. So use the quote as a tool to make your speech well rounded and well written. Also, remember that cards and written speeches are always frowned upon and if you absolutely must have something written down to anchor you, then try writing down key points and improvising the actual sentences to be said as this will seem more professional and rehearsed.

May your love be like the misty rain, gentle coming in but flooding the river.
— Traditional African

Insomuch as love grows in you, so beauty grows. For
love is the beauty of the soul.
— St. Augustine

We never live so intensely as when we love strongly. We never realize ourselves so vividly as when we are in full glow of love for others.
— Walter Rauschenbusch

To love someone deeply gives you strength. Being loved by someone deeply gives you courage.
— Lao Tzu

Love does not consist in gazing at each other, but in looking outward together in the same direction.
— Antoine de Saint-Exupery

One word frees us of all the weight and pain of life:
That word is love.
— Sophocles

Night and day you are the one,
Only you beneath the moon and under the sun.
— Cole Porter

At the touch of love everyone becomes a poet.
— Plato

Love is a fire that feeds our life.
— Pablo Neruda

Love is friendship set to music.
— Anonymous

Marriage is like a golden ring in a chain, whose beginning is a glance and whose ending is eternity.
— Kahlil Gibran

The strongest and sweetest songs
yet remain to be sung.
— Walt Whitman

We are each other’s harvest; we are each other’s business; we are each other’s magnitude and bond.
— Gwendolyn Brooks

In our life there is a single color, as on an artist’s palette, which provides the meaning of life and art. It is the color of love.
— Marc Chagall…

Die Hard Fitness – Serious Fitness For Law Enforcement!

Workouts for law enforcement have to be serious and effective in nature. As a strength and conditioning professional I can tell you that my experience in training athletes is very tactical in the approach. All athletes, irregardless of their sport, must be able to perform at the highest level when it comes to game time. With law enforcement there is no "off season." You have got to be ready for anything at almost anytime! Read on if you are interested in achieving Die Hard Fitness!

Kettlebell Swings: Serious Fitness For Law Enforcement!

Being in law enforcement you are probably familiar with the ancient strength and conditioning device that is known as the kettlebell. This ancient device has been around for over three centuries and has forged out some planet's fittest bodies. If you are looking to be fit enough to kick in a door, take down a bad guy, or be resilient enough to take and dish out punishment day after day then you have to implement kettlebell swings into your strength and conditioning program.

Kettlebell swings are one of the most basic strength endurance lifts that you can perform with the kettlebell. This single lift involves hundreds of your working muscles and exerts your body from head to toe. Not only are you getting the tremendous benefit of strength with this lift, but you are also getting one serious cardiovascular workout as well. If you are serious about your law enforcement career and personal well being then you would be very smart to invest in this serious harditting kettlebell lift!

To perform the swing lift you will need the availability of at least a single bell of moderate resistance. Set the bell between your feet with your stance slightly wider than shoulder width apart. Squat down to pick up the bell with both hands. Stand up straight and lock out at both your hips and knees allowing the bell to hang at your groin. From here you are going to perform a "hip snap" motion by flexing and extending at both your hips and knees to create the necessary momentum to swing the kettlebell back and forth like a pendulum. As you swing the bell from between your legs up to chest level make sure to keep your abs tight, shoulders retracted, and lock out your hips and knees at the top of each swing. You will see just how effective this lift is once you execute only a couple of reps.

If you have not already started to implement the use of kettlebell swings into your personal police workout routine then you are falling behind my friend. Do not let the bad guy to get the edge on you! Remember that most anyone can train hard, but only the best cops train smart my friend! …

Trump’s Generals – The Militarized Government

Trump’s appointment of a coterie of former and current military generals to key high-level government posts is unnerving and quite ironic from a man who aggressively avoided being drafted in the Vietnam War. Now he needs their services. It’s not so much about defending America’s core interests overseas which is a necessity for this empire, rather it’s the almost exclusive appointment of generals that give the frightening perception that America could be not only more aggressive overseas but domestically as well. It’s the latter that is most worrisome as a threat to our freedoms.

It’s an open secret that significant economic structural flaws worldwide exists. We barely escaped an economic meltdown in 2008, however because no genuine changes to fix the system were undertaken combined with an exploding global debt crisis, we’re heading for an inevitable train wreck. According to Trump, he has good instincts and his instincts probably tell him that this train wreck will happen on his watch which is why he needs as much “crowd control” protection as possible.

Despite their personality differences, generals are trained in the same culture and speak the same language which means there’s less ambiguity on objectives just differences on tactics. The militarization of the government is almost complete as the newly appointed generals now command an experienced and militarized law enforcement. Trump can ill afford a usually diverse civilian cabinet who may demure in times of crisis.

The key question is how his team will react to stem a severe economic crisis and/or terrorist attacks. With respect to the former, each recession over the past 20 years has been progressively worse than the previous one, with the 2008 one “arrested” at the precipice of a bottomless black hole. More importantly is how he will manage messy aftermath – not economically but on the streets. Like a meteorological disaster, the initial destruction is terrible but the looting is often just as deadly.

With respect to the latter, with a militarized government will he unhesitatingly declare martial law and either suspend or even crush civil liberties? Would this provoke nationwide riots that would make the 1968 anti-war and civil rights riots look like a family picnic? And would they dramatically increased government surveillance powers? With such advanced technology even the business sector knows you better than you know yourself.

Already cities are declaring themselves “sanctuaries” for the undocumented population which could be expanded to include law-abiding people protesting government policies. To what extent will the government “squeeze” the states to comply to arrest these individuals if the state refuses?

There’s insidious legal language buried in the Homeland Security law that gives government far-reaching powers during a crisis. The issue is what and who defines a crisis? Could this be used as a pretext for a soft coup for indefinite government lockdown on freedoms? For this reason this is why you have to question why so many generals, who aren’t from the Colin Powell mold, have been appointed to high-level cabinet posts.

This pre-positioning …

A Career As A Government Spokesperson

Qualifications And Other Requirements

The minimum qualification required to be a government spokesperson is to have a bachelor's degree either in political science, business administration or public administration. The spokesperson could also posses a college or university degree in communication, journalism or English. It is a bonus if the candidate has experience as a spokesperson in print, radio and camera interviews. One may also be required to be fluent in another foreign language and be good at public relations. The person needs to possess good communication skills. Candidates have to go through a background security investigation, residential status investigation and a drug screening.

The candidates should have at least ten years of experience in communication, public relations, member services and legislation, which should include five years of experience in management and supervision. They should be able to manage multi-million dollar budgets as well.


The executive director of a particular government has the right to appoint the government spokesperson. In some countries, the regional minister is generally the government spokesperson and is the one who represents the government. In the United States, this is usually the Press Secretary.

Office Of The Spokesperson

A government spokesperson works in the communications department of a government office. Well, to put it the right way, the government spokesperson is the head of the communication department. It is also known as the "Government Spokesperson's Office" by law. This office is composed of an administrative unit. This administrative unit supports them and they have to report to him / her. The employees in the communication department assist the spokesperson with their daily work.


The spokesperson has to manage and lead various activities such as media relations, public affairs, member services, public involvement, community involvement, sub-regional relations and legislation. They have to carry out a number of functions in their daily work, the most important of them being "communication".

A spokesperson has to communicate to people the work done (ie political and institutional) by the government. The task of assisting and supporting the members of the government and the government itself is assigned to the spokesperson. They have to brief the president about the daily events in the state and the rest of the country. The government spokesperson has organized press meetings and talk to the press. The interview may be either given on the local, national or international level. Before giving a press interview the government spokes person has to discuss the report with the director and obtain their approval to release it.

The salary could be anywhere between $ 50,000 to $ 250,000. This salary is exclusive of bonus and other benefits. …